Nevertheless, as I was working on the rewrite I just finished, I kept realizing that, through I had answered all my core questions about each character, I still didn’t know them well enough. Then I realized: most of my questions are about knowing my heroes externally. The questions are focused on what I think of my characters, not on what my characters think of themselves.
Then I tried asking a question I’d never asked before and it did wonders for my rewrite: What are the rules they live by? Every character has these, though most don’t state them out loud, as John Wayne does in The Shootist:
- “I won’t be wronged; I won’t be insulted and I won’t be laid a hand on. I don’t do these things to other people and I require the same from them.”
One problem I had with my script is that my characters, who all went to college together and had the same job, just weren’t differentiated enough. This turned out to be a great way to differentiate them. Here’s what I came up with:
This helps me love my characters, and it also helps me polarize them in a non-judgmental way. As you can see, I tried to force myself to stick to what they people would actually say if asked. Nothing like “I can’t stand dirt”, or “I don’t like kids”, or “Never get off the couch” Those may be rules that actually define a character, but the purpose of this exercise is to get to know their self-image.
Once you’ve got your rules, you can start playing with them. Which rules are they forced to break over the course of the story? Which ones should they break but are too proud to do so? Which rules are they just deluding themselves about, since they’ve never really followed them?
The advantage of listing these rules is that they force you to listen to your characters and allow them to define themselves. It’s easy for a character to become just a bundle of flaws: a false goal, a false statement of philosophy, a limited perspective and a long host of ironic failings. But they don’t know that. They’re just living their life, doing their own thing in their own time, so you need to know what that thing is, as they see it.